Arthritis in the Knees and Hip

Arthritis in the Knees and Hip

Knee and hip arthritis are prevalent musculoskeletal conditions characterized by inflammation and degeneration of the joints in these weight-bearing areas. People with knee arthritis often have pain, stiffness, and less mobility, especially when they walk or climb stairs. Hip arthritis causes discomfort, a limited range of motion, and challenges in daily activities such as walking or getting up from a seated position.

Knee and hip arthritis can significantly affect a person’s quality of life, so a timely diagnosis and a complete treatment plan are imperative. The plan may incorporate various strategies such as exercise, new habits, medications, or, in severe cases, joint replacement surgery.

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is an umbrella term for various joint-related conditions that can affect individuals of all ages. The most common type of arthritis is Osteoarthritis (OA).It is also known as “wear and tear” arthritis or degenerative joint disease. It primarily affects the hips, knees, and hands. Over time, the cartilage breaks down, leading to pain, stiffness, and decreased mobility. Osteoarthritis is often associated with aging, but factors such as genetics, joint injury, and obesity can also increase the risk.

While there is no cure for osteoarthritis, various treatments such as medication, exercise, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. In severe cases where conservative treatments are ineffective, joint replacement surgery may be necessary to relieve pain and restore function. Early diagnosis and proactive management are key to minimizing the impact of osteoarthritis on daily life and maintaining joint health.

a female doctor talks with a patient about her knee pain and treatment options

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Symptoms of osteoarthritis can vary widely depending on the severity of the condition and which joints are affected. Common symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

  • Pain or aching in the affected joint
  • Limited range of motion or decreased flexibility
  • Stiffness in the joints
  • Swelling in the joints

Risk Factors

Aging is a common risk factor in arthritis development, increasing the likelihood of osteoarthritis due to joint wear. Genes also play a significant role, as a family history of arthritis can raise one’s risk. Gender is another factor, with certain types of arthritis, being more prevalent in women. Joint injuries from sports or accidents can also cause arthritis, especially osteoarthritis. Obesity places added stress on joints, especially weight-bearing ones, increasing the risk of developing arthritis. The environment, infections, and certain jobs involving repetitive joint stress may also play a role.

Diagnosing Arthritis

If you are experiencing symptoms of arthritis, it is essential to seek medical attention for an accurate diagnosis. Florida Medical Clinic Orlando Health’s orthopaedic physicians, specializing in musculoskeletal conditions, will meticulously assess your reported symptoms. This evaluation typically includes a full physical exam, which gauges joint function, mobility, and signs of inflammation.

Your physician may recommend imaging tests like X-rays to refine the diagnosis further. These studies allow a detailed look at the affected joints and help find potential problems, like cartilage decay or joint deformities. This process is key. It establishes a precise understanding of the cause of your arthritis pain and lays the foundation for a tailored treatment plan.

Treatment Options

While there is no cure for arthritis, various treatment options can help alleviate symptoms and slow disease progression. The specific treatment approach will be tailored based on the type and severity of arthritis and individual considerations.

  • Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help reduce pain and inflammation. Prescription medications or injections may be recommended for more severe cases.
  • Physical Therapy: A physical therapist can provide exercises and techniques to strengthen muscles, improve joint flexibility, and reduce pain. See how our physical therapy program can help.
  • Weight Management: Maintaining a healthy weight can alleviate joint stress and reduce arthritis symptoms.
  • Assistive Devices: Walking aids, such as canes or walkers, can support and stabilize individuals with arthritis.
  • Joint Replacement: Total joint replacement surgery, such as hip or knee replacement, involves replacing the damaged joint with an artificial joint made of metal and plastic components. This procedure can relieve pain and improve mobility for individuals with advanced arthritis.

While non-surgical measures are generally preferred, there are instances where surgical interventions become necessary to alleviate pain and restore joint function. Seeking guidance from a healthcare professional is crucial to developing a customized plan tailored to your specific needs and lifestyle.

comparison of a healthy knee and knee with osteoarthritis

Prevention Strategies

Certain risk factors for arthritis, like age and family history, are beyond our control. However, adopting healthy habits can reduce the risk of getting arthritis and help manage its symptoms.

Consider these prevention strategies:

  • Maintain a Healthy Diet: Consuming a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and Omega-3 fatty acids can promote joint health and reduce inflammation.
  • Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular low-impact exercises, such as swimming or cycling, to strengthen muscles, improve joint flexibility, and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Practice Good Posture: Maintaining proper posture while sitting, standing, and lifting heavy objects can reduce joint strain and minimize the risk of developing arthritis.
  • Regular Check-ups: Schedule routine check-ups with your healthcare provider to monitor your joint health and address any concerns promptly.
  • Prevent Joint Injuries: Take precautions to prevent joint injuries by using protective gear during sports activities, practicing proper lifting techniques, and avoiding repetitive motions that strain the joints.

Our Approach to Arthritis Care

Florida Medical Clinic Orlando Health is dedicated to providing comprehensive and compassionate care for individuals with arthritis. Our team of orthopedic physicians specializes in arthritis pain management, treatment, and prevention. We offer a range of non-surgical and surgical options tailored to each patient’s unique needs.

Our advanced joint replacement program, including hip and knee replacements, utilizes minimally invasive techniques to minimize discomfort and enhance recovery. We prioritize patient education, ensuring you fully understand your condition and treatment options. Our team has helped countless individuals find long-term pain relief and return to active and fulfilling lives by providing access to the latest and most innovative orthopedic procedures. If you are experiencing arthritis symptoms, contact our physicians today for a personalized evaluation and treatment plan.

Proudly Serving: Brandon, North Tampa, Wesley Chapel, and Zephyrhills.

Brandon - 2020 Town Center Blvd Brandon, Florida 33511


2020 Town Center Blvd
Brandon, Florida 33511

Suite D


2020 Town Center Blvd
Brandon, Florida 33511

Suite D

Arthritis in the Knees and Hip Care Team at this location:
North Tampa - 14547 Bruce B Downs Blvd Tampa, Florida 33613

North Tampa

14547 Bruce B Downs Blvd
Tampa, Florida 33613

Suite C

Zephyrhills - 38107 Market Square Drive Zephyrhills, Florida 33542


38107 Market Square Drive
Zephyrhills, FL 33542



38107 Market Square Drive
Zephyrhills, FL 33542

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