What is the Difference Between EGD and Endoscopy?

When it comes to medical diagnostics, two standard procedures that are often used are EGD (esophagogastroduodenoscopy) and Endoscopy. These procedures allow doctors to examine the digestive system and diagnose various conditions. Both EGD and Endoscopy serve similar purposes, but there are key distinctions between the two.

What is an EGD Procedure Like?

esophagogastroduodenoscopy screening test using an endoscope with fiber optic camera to screen for colorectal cancer

EGD, also known as an upper endoscopy, is a procedure that allows doctors to examine the lining of the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of the small intestine called the duodenum. During an EGD procedure, the patient is usually given a sedative to help them relax. The doctor then inserts a thin, flexible tube called an endoscope through the mouth and into the esophagus. The endoscope has a camera attached, allowing the doctor to view the internal organs on a monitor. If necessary, the doctor can also take biopsies or remove small growths during the EGD procedure.

What is an Endoscopy?

endoscopy screening test using an endoscope with fiber optic camera to screen for colorectal cancer

Endoscopy, on the other hand, is a broader term that refers to a procedure used to examine various parts of the body, not just the digestive system. It can be used to diagnose conditions in the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system, urinary system, and even the joints. In this blog, we will focus on Endoscopy as it relates to the digestive system. During an Endoscopy procedure, a similar approach is taken as with EGD. The patient is first given a sedative. Then, a flexible tube with a camera called an endoscope is inserted into the body through a natural opening or a small incision. The specific area being examined will determine the entry point. The doctor can then visualize the internal organs, take biopsies, or perform other necessary procedures.

Key Differences Between EGD and Endoscopy

While both EGD and Endoscopy involve the use of an endoscope and have similar procedures, there are key differences between the two. The main difference lies in the specific areas of the body they examine. EGD focuses solely on the upper gastrointestinal tract. It includes the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. Endoscopy, on the other hand, can be used to examine various parts of the body beyond the digestive system.

Another difference is the types of conditions that can be diagnosed. EGD is particularly useful for diagnosing conditions such as GERD, ulcers, and Barrett’s esophagus. Endoscopy, being a more versatile procedure, can diagnose a wider range of conditions depending on the area being examined.

What is an EGD Used to Diagnose?

EGD is commonly used to diagnose various conditions affecting the upper gastrointestinal tract. Some of the common conditions that can be diagnosed with EGD include:

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): EGD can help assess the severity of GERD and determine if there is any damage to the esophagus.
  • Ulcers: EGD can identify the presence of ulcers in the stomach or duodenum and guide treatment decisions.
  • Barrett’s Esophagus: EGD is crucial in diagnosing this condition. The lining of the esophagus changes with Barrett’s Esophagus. These changes may increase the risk of esophageal cancer.
  • Inflammation:EGD can detect inflammation in the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum, providing insights into the underlying cause.
  • Tumors and Polyps:EGD allows for the visualization and possible removal of tumors or polyps in the upper gastrointestinal tract.

Common Conditions Diagnosed with Endoscopy

Endoscopy, a versatile procedure, can be used to diagnose various conditions in different body parts. Some of the common conditions that can be diagnosed with Endoscopy in the context of the digestive system include:

  • Crohn’s Disease: Endoscopy can help visualize the affected areas of the digestive tract and assess the severity of Crohn’s disease.
  • Celiac Disease:Endoscopy, along with biopsies, can confirm the diagnosis of celiac disease by showing characteristic changes in the small intestine.
  • Colorectal Cancer:Endoscopy, specifically colonoscopy, is a crucial tool in screening for colorectal cancer and detecting precancerous polyps.
  • Gastrointestinal Bleeding:Endoscopy can identify the source of gastrointestinal bleeding and guide further treatment decisions.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease:Endoscopy can help monitor the progress of inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis and assess the response to treatment.

colonoscopy screening test using an endoscope with fiber optic camera to screen for colorectal cancer

Choosing between EGD and Endoscopy: Factors to Consider

When deciding between EGD and Endoscopy, several factors should be considered. These factors include:

  • Area of Examination: Determine which specific part of the body needs to be examined. If the upper gastrointestinal tract is the primary concern, EGD may be the more appropriate choice.
  • Condition Being Investigated: Consider the suspected condition and which procedure is more suitable for diagnosing it. Consult with your doctor to determine the best course of action.
  • Versatility: If there are concerns beyond the digestive system or multiple areas need to be examined, Endoscopy may provide a more comprehensive assessment.
  • Patient Comfort and Preference: Discuss the procedures with your doctor and consider your comfort level, potential risks, and personal preferences before making a decision.

When considering EGD or Endoscopy, consult with your doctor about the best option for you. Through informed decision-making and collaboration with medical experts, you can ensure that the most appropriate procedure is chosen, leading to optimal outcomes and improved quality of life.

EGD and Endoscopy Procedures Near You

If you are looking for an EGD or Endoscopy procedure in the Brandon or North Tampa area, contact Florida Medical Clinic Orlando Health to make your appointment. Renowned for our commitment to comprehensive care, we stand out among medical centers and clinics in the region. To pinpoint the most suitable healthcare facility for your specific needs, consult with your primary care physician or gastroenterologist. At Florida Medical Clinic Orlando Health, we are unwaveringly dedicated to excellence, with the goal of ensuring individuals receive top-notch medical services. Our commitment lies in prioritizing expertise and delivering personalized attention to every patient. To schedule your appointment for EGD at our Brandon or North Tampa offices, contact us and experience healthcare excellence at its best.

Contact Us for Gastroenterology Treatment

EGD and Endoscopy are valuable procedures in medical diagnostics, allowing doctors to examine and diagnose various conditions affecting the digestive system and beyond. Both procedures have their own importance and play a vital role in early detection, accurate diagnosis, and personalized treatment planning. Discover the expertise offered at the Florida Medical Clinic Orlando Health for your EGD and Endoscopy needs. With a commitment to comprehensive care and personalized attention, we strive to provide exceptional medical services that prioritize your well-being and health.

Meet Joseph S. Cody, MD

Dr. Cody was born in New England and has been in the area since 1993. He is a voluntary faculty member with USF College of Medicine. He is an avid cyclist and enjoys family activities with his wife and two daughters. Schedule your appointment with Dr. Cody by calling 813-972-2324.

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