Samina Reza, MD
Florida Medical Clinic Hematology / Oncology

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Colon Cancer Treatment From A Board-Certified Oncologist in Land O’Lakes and Zephryhills, Florida

A colon cancer diagnosis can be difficult to process, especially with all of the questions and concerns that follow. At Florida Medical Clinic Hematology / Oncology, Dr. Reza and team are ready to answer all of your questions and alleviate your concerns. We treat all forms of colon cancer, including:

  • Adenocarcinomas
  • Small Cell Carcinomas
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs)
  • Lymphomas

Treatments for gastrointestinal malignancies include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery.

Lowering the Risk of Colorectal Cancer Reccurence

Studies have shown there are things that can be done immediately that may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer progressing. These include:

  • Maintaining a Healthy Weight – Research suggests that being overweight or obese raises the risk of colorectal cancer progressing or recurring.
  • Being Active – Research suggests that people who get regular physical activity after treatment have a lower risk of colorectal cancer recurrence.
  • Eat a Healthy Diet – While it’s inconclusive eating any specific type of diet can help lower your risk of colorectal cancer, there are clearly benefits to eating well.
  • Avoid Smoking – Research has shown that colorectal cancer survivors who smoke are more likely to suffer a recurrence.

Understanding the Stages of Colorectal Cancer

Stage 0:
Very early cancer on the innermost layer of the intestine.
Treatment of stage 0 may include the following types of surgery:

  • Local excision or simple polypectomy
  • Resection /anastomosis (performed when the tumor is too large to remove by local excision)

Stage I:
Cancer is present in the inner layer of the colon.
Treatment of stage I is commonly resection/anastomosis

Stage II:
Cancer has spread through the wall of the colon.
Treatment of stage II colon cancer may include the following:

  • Resection/anastomosis
  • Chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy
  • Targeted therapies: angiogenesis inhibitors (act by blocking tumor blood vessel formation) and monoclonal antibodies (target proteins on the surface of cancer cells to kill or block their growth)

Stage III:
Cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.
Treatment of stage III colon cancer may include the following:

  • Resection/anastomosis with chemotherapy
  • Chemotherapy, radiation therapy

Stage IV:
Cancer has spread to other organs outside the colon.
Treatment of stage IV and recurrent colon cancer may include the following:

  • Resection/anastomosis
  • Radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy

For more information about colon cancer treatment, click here to schedule an appointment with Dr. Reza. Our offices are conveniently located in Zephyrhills and Land O’ Lakes, Florida.