Almost everyone will experience low back pain at some point in their lives, whether it’s acute pain due to a pulled muscle or chronic pain due to age-related degeneration of the spinal column. Although the condition is very common, certain people have a higher risk of being affected by it than others. For example, being overweight, not exercising regularly, or having to perform heavy lifting at work can all contribute to chronic lower back pain.
While acute back pain is typically related to a muscle strain or ligament sprain, the underlying causes of chronic low back pain can include issues with any of the major components of the spinal column, such as:
- Disc herniation, when the discs that rest between the bones of the spine and cushion them as they move become damaged
- Degenerative disc disease, a condition marked by the gradual breakdown of the intervertebral discs, usually associated with aging
- A pinched nerve, which occurs when a nerve has pressure placed on it by a damaged or out-of-place spinal element; sciatica is caused by a pinched sciatic nerve
- Hip joint inflammation, or sacroiliitis, a condition that causes pain where the spine and the pelvis connect
Treatment options for low back pain depend heavily on receiving an accurate diagnosis, as so many conditions can produce similar symptoms. Most issues can be managed through conservative treatments, including taking anti-inflammatory medications for pain, applying cold packs and/or heat sources for discomfort, or performing physical therapy exercises. However, certain patients may find that these approaches don’t help alleviate their pain. For these groups, surgery might be a good option.
Florida Medical Orthopaedics, Sports Medicine & Spine can help people with nonsurgical and surgical approaches to treating back pain and other conditions. For further information about low back pain and the treatment options that we offer, contact Florida Medical Orthopaedics, Sports Medicine & Spine today.
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